This reference page is for those audiobook listeners who would like a visual to help them remember names, rulers, and family members.
Jezebel’s Family Tree
Note: I only added daughters who were named and integral to this study. It is possible that Ahab and Jezebel had more than three children. It is also possible that Ahaziah of Judah had one wife. I had them drawn this way to keep lineages clear.
Elijah – “My God is Yahweh.” Elijah is known as one of the major prophets and gave the Word of the Lord to kings in both kingdoms; however, he spent most of his time in the north. Elijah is dedicated to the Lord, and his very name is a continual reminder to the people of Israel and to the king and queen that Elijah was a servant of the One True God. In the NT, John the Baptist is known as the Elijah of the time, preparing people for the coming of Jesus Christ and calling them to repentance. In times future, Elijah will be one of the two witnesses during the tribulation who will testify of the Lord. He is known as the “prophet of fire” due to his answered prayer for the Lord to rain down fire and being taken to Heaven in a whirlwind of fire without having died. Additionally, in the future, he will be able to breathe fire against any who would try to kill him before it is time to be killed.
Asherah – groves – Canaanite images of Astarte, Baal’s consort. Associated with nature worship, groves were often living trees or tree-like poles meant to be worshiped and/or symbolize female reproduction. She is often seen as the goddess of fertility and earth (nature).
Baal – Has the meanings “lord,” “master,” “husband,” and “giver of life.” He was believed to be the god of land and people. He was thought to be the god of agriculture and rain. In many areas, he was considered the sun god. Religious prostitution, sex worship, and human (often child) sacrifice were an integral part of this worship.
Naboth – “fruits” – Murdered so that Ahab could have his vineyard.
Jezebel – Believed to mean “exalted to/for Baal” and “married to Baal.” Although she was never officially seen as a ruler, her influence is seen as a reign of turmoil. Her influence includes idolatry, whoredoms, and murder. Her evil influence is strong enough to be mentioned by Christ in Revelation.
Ethbaal – “Toward the idol” or “with Baal.” King of the Zidonians and father of Jezebel.
Israel – The Northern Kingdom comprised of 10 tribes of the people Israel; none of these kings followed the lineage of David and are not in the ancestry of Christ.
Judah – The Southern Kingdom comprised of 2 tribes of the people of Israel, with the tribe of Judah numbering most of the land; the lineage of Christ would be preserved through this line.
Jehu – “Jehovah is He.”
1. Prophet – The first Jehu we see is in 1 Kings 16; he prophesied the death of King Baasha of Israel and the end of his lineage.
2. Army Captain – the Second Jehu we meet in Israel; he was anointed to destroy Ahab’s lineage and destroy Jezebel, and become king of Israel.
Zimri – Reigned as king for seven days before his death; captain in the army of King Elah (son of Baasha) in Israel. Although the prophet Jehu’s proclamation would be fulfilled through the destruction of the remainder of Baasha’s family through Zimri, there is no record of God instructing Zimri to do so.
Athaliah – “Whom God afflicts.” Afflict means greatly troubled or overthrown. She was the daughter of King Ahab and Queen Jezebel of the Kingdom of Israel. She married Jehoram, king of Judah. She is the only woman to ever sit on the throne of Judah as ruler. She usurped the throne after the death of her son, Ahaziah, after killing off all but one person who could lay claim to the throne. She reigned for six years and was killed when the true heir to the throne was revealed to be under protection.
Joash/Jehoash – “Given by the Lord.” He was the youngest king of Judah (age 7). He was hidden and kept safe by the priest Jehoiada and his wife, Jehosheba – sister of King Ahaziah & daughter of King Jehoram/Joram. He was given the rightful crown once his grandmother, Athaliah, was killed.
Ahab – “father’s brother.” He was a king of Israel who reigned for twenty-two years. He married Jezebel, built temples for Baal & Asherah groves, and allowed Jezebel’s influence to take over the kingdom. Ahab is known as one of the worst kings in all of Israel’s history.
Ahaziah – “Jehovah holds/possesses”
1. In Israel – He was the son of King Ahab and ruled for two years after Ahab was killed in battle – 1 Kings 22:40, 51. He also followed Baal and led Israel into idolatry. He was injured due to a fall, inquired after other gods, and received a proclamation from the Lord through Elijah that he would not recover since he chose to seek the help of another god.
2. In Judah – He was the son of King Jehoram of the Southern Kingdom. He ruled for one year. He was killed during a visit to see King Jehoram in the Northern Kingdom. Jehu was on his way to slay Jehoram according to the Word of the Lord. Jehu shot Jehoram with an arrow, and he was placed in Naboth’s field to die. Ahaziah witnessed the death, attempted to flee, and was killed also.
Jehoram – “Jehovah is exalted.”
1. In Israel – He was the second son of King Ahab to rule, also called Joram. He became king upon the death of his brother, Ahaziah, because Ahaziah had no sons to succeed him. He ruled for twelve years as king and was killed by Jehu, his army captain, when the Lord sent word to exact divine judgment on Ahab’s lineage as prophesied by Elijah about seventeen years earlier.
2. In Judah – He was the son of King Jehoshaphat. Jehoshaphat was not dead when Jehoram became king (2 Kings 8:16). He ruled for eight years and as a contemporary/at the same time as Jehoram in the Northern Kingdom. He married Athaliah, daughter of Ahab and Jezebel of the Northern Kingdom (2 Kings 8:18), possibly as a way to unite the kingdoms again. Upon his death, his son, Ahaziah, became king.